International Red Cross Museum
10 AM to 5 PM
May-Oct (May 18 to October 31)
10 AM to 6 PM
Henry Dunant, a Geneva businessman, was on a business trip in northern Italy in June 1859, when he witnessed—with horror--the Battle of Solferino, which left 30,000 soldiers dead, and many more wounded. Imbued by his parents with a sense of social responsibility, he organized the local people to care for the wounded in makeshift hospitals—churches and tents. Returning to Geneva, Dunant was instrumental in setting up the Red Cross in 1863, the first international humanitarian organization. In 1864, the First Geneva Convention passed, mandating international rules for the protection of casualties of wars and conflicts, as well as all medical personnel working under the auspices of the Red Cross. A red cross on a white background was adopted as the emblem.
The museum recounts the story of the founding of the Red Cross, and the history of its role in major conflicts. Photos, films, slide shows and a variety of exhibits document its history.