Forever associated with the stunning works of Paul Cezanne, Mont Sainte Victoire was one of the artist’s favorite subjects, which he painted from many vantage points. Located several miles to the east of downtown Aix, Sainte Victoire rises 1,011 m (3,311 ft) at “Pic des Mouches,” and is one of the primary images we associate with Provence. The name originated around 112 B.C. when the Romans met large numbers of eastern European warriors; 100,000 were killed and another 100,000 taken prisoner. The Croix de Provence is a 19m (62 ft) cross located close to the top.
At the foot of the northern side of St Victoire, in the village of Vauvenargues, Spanish artist Pablo Picasso purchased a 14th century chateau in 1958 which had house the Counts of Provence. He worked there and it ultimately become his and his wife Jacqueline’s burial site.