B&O Railroad Museum
Baltimore, United States
Sun: 11 AM to 4 PM
For most people, the B&O Railroad’s legacy lives on as a property on a Monopoly game board. But this was the first passenger train to take travelers to the western border of the United States. At that time, Ohio was considered the Far West. The B&O promoted interstate commerce by providing direct access from the farmland of the Midwest to the Port of Baltimore, elevating the city's status in the process. The B&O’s success also shaped history. While most southern states seceded from the Union, Maryland, a slave state, decided to remain with the North as their rail lines were linked to the Union rather than the Confederacy.
The museum is housed in the original 1884 roundhouse (renovated following damage from a 2003 snow storm). It was here that Samuel Morse sent the first ever telegraph transmission. On display are locomotive and train cars covering all eras of railroading, from tiny grasshopper engines to a behemoth 320 ton Allegheny steam engine.
The luxurious passenger rail cars on display highlight the gilded age of the railroads. Also on display are railroad memorabilia including signs and original plates and menus of the dining cars.